Dr. Raymond Rezaie Discusses the Dangers of Hypertension and How to Prevent It

Montreal doctor Dr. Raymond Rezaie

March 2, 2021

Dr. Raymond Rezaie

Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. It’s a common diagnosis, with one in three American adults suffering from hypertension. While it’s normal to experience high blood pressure every once in a while, uncontrolled hypertension can have a serious negative impact on your long-term health, says Dr. Raymond Rezaie.

Hypertension Increases Your Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke Says Dr. Raymond Rezaie

High blood pressure puts stress on your arteries which makes plaque more likely to develop, says Dr. Raymond Rezaie. When plaque hardens in your arteries, it narrows or blocks them, making your heart work harder to pump blood. This can weaken your heart over time and lead to a heart attack. Blocked arteries can also lead to the formation of blood clots. If blood clots develop in your bloodstream and block blood from reaching your brain or heart, they can cause heart attacks and strokes.

Hypertension Can Cause Kidney Damage Says Dr. Raymond Rezaie

If hypertension causes damage to the arteries around your kidneys, it can reduce their functionality. This is a major problem, warns Dr. Raymond Rezaie, because your kidneys are responsible for ridding your body of toxins. If those toxins build up in your body you may experience an array of unpleasant symptoms from headaches and body aches to seizures and death.

Your kidneys also regulate your blood pressure, so if they’re damaged by hypertension, it can start a negative spiral that culminates in kidney failure. If this happens you’ll need dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive.

Hypertension Can Lead to Vision Problems Says Dr. Raymond Rezaie

Your eyes are packed tight with tiny blood vessels that are easily strained and damaged. High blood pressure stresses these blood vessels and can burst or damage them beyond repair. Hypertension can also cause swelling in your optic nerve. Damage to the vessels in your eye or your optic nerve can result in loss of vision, dark spots, and other vision issues.

While lowering your blood pressure can sometimes reverse vision problems caused by hypertension, if it’s left unchecked, the damage can quickly become permanent.

How Can You Prevent Hypertension? Dr. Raymond Rezaie Explains

The good news is that hypertension is easily diagnosed, and you can catch it early with regular checkups. If you are diagnosed with hypertension, it is often treated with a combination of healthy lifestyle changes and medications.

Dr. Raymond Rezaie recommends making small changes to your everyday habits to avoid or reverse hypertension. Eat a low sodium diet, exercise regularly, limit your alcohol intake, quit smoking, and try to maintain a healthy BMI. If you make these changes and you are still struggling with high blood pressure, you may need to take medication. Talk to your doctor about the treatment plan that works best for you.